Yazd Water Museum is a manifestation of the
value and importance of water in desert cities of Iran.
In some documentation, Yazd is
called as the city of Qanats. Qanats (Kazriz) are underground water supplement
systems that were listed by UNESCO in 2016 as a World Heritage Site. The Qanats
provide exceptional confirmation to cultural traditions and civilizations in
desert areas with arid climates.
When you visit Yazd, one attraction
that you shouldn't miss is the complex of the Water Museum.
The importance of water in desert cities
There are some pieces of evidence which show
that water was considered as a gold standard in the desert.
Grooms used to buy water for several hours due
to their financial compliance and at the beginning of their marriage they gave
it to their wife as a gift.
The water museum is an interesting place to
flaunt human art of desert cities to the world, how they diligently pulled the
water out of the ground kept it and used it.
The location of the water museum
The Water Museum is located in the middle of the historical city of Yazd, and on the
north of Amirchakhmaq square.
What expect to visit in water museum of Yazd
This Museum displays tools, techniques,
instruments that Iranian has used the past thousands of years to create
underground waterways (called Qanats) and connecting them and lead them to the city for agricultural and other uses. There is also shown a variety of water
objects from Qanat to water ownership documents and also some documents of
water distribution clock among agriculture lands.
Equipment which was used for excavation of qanat
or a set of containers related to the storage or transportation of water and
even some documents which show that distribution of water to the formers with
A lot of these systems are still functioning
today although the level of underground water decreased and many of them have
History of the water museum building
This museum is set up in 2000 in one of the old
houses of Yazd, which is called Kolahdouzha house. The Kolahdouzha house was
built in 1929 by the recommendation of Seyyed Ali Akbar Kolahdouz on 5 floors.
This house was chosen as the Water museum
because there is a very old Qanat located in the middle of the Kolahduzha
The first floor, the intersection of Qanats
The first floor of the water museum, which is on the
lowest level of the house, is the crossing point of Rahim Abad qanat and Zarch
qanats. The 2000-year-old qanat of Zarch considers as the longest one in the
world. Zarch Qanat starts its journey from the village of Fahraj and after
watering several villages and passing under famous monuments like Amirchakhmaq
square and Jame Mosque of Yazd continues till Zarch a village near Yazd.
The second floor, place to storage food
The second floor of the water museum has been
storage for keeping foods and was called Payab or Sardab.
An Octagonal with a depth of 10 meters, that
there is a water pool in the middle of it which holds the ambient temperature
at 14-degree centigrade without any facilities.
The third floor, the summer residence
The third floor of this building was the
accommodation for its inhabitants in the summer. It is full of rooms and hills
with cool and pleasant weather because of its basement.
This floor is located on 4 sides of the yard.
The fourth floor, the family residence
After the summer residence, we reach the 4th floor of the house which is called the ground floor today.
There is a beautiful yard with a pool and garden
which is surrounded by some rooms such as hall, 5 dari, a sash, and a kitchen.
The fifth floor, the well house
The fifth floor of the water museum, the roof of
the building was also called the well house. Through this floor, they drilled
water through a water wheel and they pumped the water into the water source
which was placed on the roof and used it for drinking and household hygiene.
There are some points in the architecture of
this house as water museum that is attractive for visitors, including the hall
of mirrors, plaster works on the background of that with the pattern of the
floral plant and animals on the 4th floor of the house and also sash windows
with colorful glasses.
The remarkable thing is that in this house you
can also see water pipes that were made about 150 years ago.
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