The Alexander Prison of Yazd
The Alexander Prison of Yazd is one of the most famous
attractions of Yazd.
Like most of the Yazd historical attractions, is located
in Fahdan neighborhood, and with its beautiful and wonderful architecture and
delicate art in its various parts, it attracts the attention of every viewer
during their Yazd tour.
As it is clear from the name of the building, its
construction dates back to the time of Alexander the Great and documents and
signs from 631 AH can be seen in it.
The 8-century-old building, which is still standing
firmly in the heart of the desert, is not something to be underestimated, and
it made the Alexander Prison well-known among archaeologists around the world.
The building was built by Zia-ud-Din Hussein Razi and was
made fully available by his sons after 74 years. Unlike the early years when
the building was built and used to imprison Alexander the Great's exiles, it
eventually became a very important school, and for eight centuries prominent
people studied and taught there. So this building also called the Ziyaeiyeh
School of Yazd.
Different parts of Alexander Prison
Among the reasons that made Alexander Prison of Yazd very
famous is the type of architecture and the glory and grandeur that can be seen
in its different parts. In addition to the entrances and doors and walls that
have preserved history and art, this old building has important parts which are:
The dome of the Alexander Prison
Most of the Iranian and Islamic historical monuments have a dome, and their builders and artists had a special elegance and sensitivity in
creating the engraving on it. The dome of the Alexander Prison, like other
parts of it, is made of clay, and contrary to its current appearance, which has
golden and azure colors, it was quite simple in the early years and there were
no signs of tiling and paint on the dome. This dome is about 18 meters high and has
placed simplicity and beauty in the best possible way.
Shabestan (seraglio) of the Alexander Prison
Like all mosques and religious places that you visit in
Iran, the Alexander Prison had a large nave where the altar in this section and
the large and small porches in different parts of the building were each
designed and created with a special and completely intelligent architecture.
The windcatcher of the Alexander Prison
Yazd is known as the city of wind catchers. The weather
conditions of desert cities like Yazd and increasing the temperatures in the
summer lead to making the wind catchers alongside most buildings of Yazd. They
worked as air conditioners to make the building cool. Next to the
Alexander Prison building, there is a room called the windcatcher room.
Read about the highest Windcatcher of the world in
Dowlat Abad garden.
The museum in the Alexander Prison
Although any part of this building can be considered as a unique museum, there is a collection of old tablets and tombstones in this collection that museum lovers will gain a lot of experience by visiting it during their Yazd tour.
The well in the yard of the Alexander prison
There are some possibilities about the well in the yard
of Ziyaeiyeh School, which expresses the famous black hole of the Alexander prison for the exiled prisoner of Alexander the Great's time. But in fact, this
pit was created due to the collapse of the foothills in the courtyard of that
building, which has caused such perceptions among the people. Another thing
that can be mentioned about the architecture of this huge historical building
is its repair and restoration.
Where to visit near the Alexander Prison
The Lariha house
Among the old and historical mansions of Yazd, Lariha
house (Lari's house) is very popular with its magnificent doors and walls
during the Qajar era. This house has now become one of the famous museums
called the Museum of Documents in Yazd.
Heidarzadeh Coin and Anthropology Museum
Unlike many museums you must have seen during your trip to Iranhttp://iranstravel.com/Iran-City-Tours-List/7/Yazd, the expenses of the Museum of Coins and Anthropology were donated by
the lovers of this field, not by the government. By walking into this museum,
you will have the opportunity to visit a collection of old coins and antiques.
Another mansion of the Qajar era in Yazd with noticeable
architecture is the Arabzadeh house, the art used in its hall and rooms
have given a special glory and grandeur to the Arabzadeh house. This house has shared the building with the Heydarzadeh Museum. In other words,
by visiting the Arabzadeh house, you can also visit the Heydarzadeh Coin Museum.
This house was built in the Fahdan area and a short distance from Ziyaeiyeh school.
Where to eat or drink near the Alexander Prison
Due to the very important location of this area in the
center of many historical buildings and attractions in Yazd, various
traditional restaurants are located near Ziaeyieh School to rest when you visit
attractions in your Yazd tour.
Abolmaali Traditional Restaurant, Termeh and Toranj
Restaurant, Yazd Art house, Friend's house, Painting gallery are some nice
places that you can rest near the Ziaeyieh school.
Where to stay near the Alexander Prison
Since Alexander Prison is located in the historical part
of Yazd, it is a hub to accommodate the Yazd tourists. So you can find many
accommodations base on your interests during your Yazd tour.
The traditional Fahdan Hotel, Kourosh traditional Hotel
in Yazd, the Sharbaaf Hotel, Noghreh eco loge, Pars Traditional hotel